All About The Role
Civil Court judges serve ten-year terms and may be assigned to either Criminal Court, Family Court, or Civil Court, depending on the court system’s needs.
Civil Court Judges
- Civil Court Judges handle cases regarding commercial leases, consumer debt, applications for legal name changes, and automobile accident insurance claims. People and businesses who appear in Civil Court are generally seeking monetary relief of up to 25,000 dollars. Judges in this court also handle Small Claims Court cases where businesses and people are suing for anything under 10,000 dollars.
Criminal Court Judges
- Criminal Court Judges handle matters involving misdemeanors, conduct arraignments, set bail according to the law, and sentence people to probation, community service, fines, and/or up-to a year of incarceration in a local jail. They also make decisions on whether the police acted properly when they obtained evidence from a person. They issue search and arrest warrants. Criminal Court Judges may also be elevated to Acting Supreme Court Justices to handle felony matters. Judges guard our constitutional rights and privileges.
Family Court Judges
- Family Court Judges handle cases involving parental rights, child custody issues, and domestic violence. These judges are also responsible for deciding if there is a need for orders of protection. They also handle cases where anyone under the age of 18 is charged with delinquent acts and can sentence them to detention facilities. They also have the discretion to make decisions that provide alternatives to incarceration for the City’s young people.
Because of the possibility of assignment to any of three types of courts, the judge elected must have a well-rounded experience in our system of justice, so they are prepared to get to work wherever they are assigned.